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Saturday, July 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Counterforce, damage-limiting, and deterrence found in the catalog.

Counterforce, damage-limiting, and deterrence

W. A. Stewart

Counterforce, damage-limiting, and deterrence

by W. A. Stewart

  • 354 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Rand in Santa Monica, Calif .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Deterrence (Strategy)

  • Edition Notes

    Cover title.

    StatementWilliam A. Stewart.
    SeriesPaper / Rand -- P-3385, P (Rand Corporation) -- P-3385.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination22 p.
    Number of Pages22
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20653042M

    Learning From America's Foreign Policy Failures and several other books and numerous articles on American foreign and military policy. 1. These days, one must enter a blanket plea of guilty, at the outset of any discussion of this subject, to the charge of presenting facts and numbers about deterrence, counterforce, and. The models allow one to investigate rational behavior when information is incomplete and there is an incentive to strike first, and therefore provide a way to explore controversies about the effect of counterforce strategies on both the credibility of extended deterrence and the possibility of .

      In a recent book (The Logic of Deterrence) which brilliantly argues for phased nuclear disarmament, Anthony Kenny puts the absolutist condemnation of deterrence thus: The most important moral point is the principle, basic to European morality since its enunciation by Socrates, that it is better to undergo wrong than to do wrong. In military doctrine, countervalue is the targeting of an opponent's assets which are of value but not actually a military threat, such as cities and civilian populations. Counterforce is the targeting of an opponent's military forces and facilities. The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., records the first use of the word in and the first use in the modern sense in , where it is.

      Press Release ACDC-ISSI Webinar on “Shifting Indian Nuclear Doctrine: Implications for Regional Stability” July 2, “While India has moved from counter-value to counterforce strategy, it still does not have an assured first-strike capability against Pakistan. Get this from a library! From counterforce to minimal deterrence: a new nuclear policy on the path toward eliminating nuclear weapons. [Hans M Kristensen; Robert S Norris; Ivan Oelrich; Natural Resources Defense Council.; Federation of American Scientists.] -- To realize President Barack Obama's vision of "dramatic reductions" in the number of nuclear weapons, stopping development of new.


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Counterforce, damage-limiting, and deterrence by W. A. Stewart Download PDF EPUB FB2

Paperback 25 pages. $ $ 20% Web Discount. Deterrence depends upon the enemy's belief that we have the capability and willingness to strike first. Our capability is demonstrated by first-strike, counterforce systems capable of destroying his ability to retaliate effectively.

Both our own and the enemy's evaluation of our willingness are based on our utilization of defensive, damage-limiting measures. Counterforce, Damage-Limiting, and Deterrence Author: William A.

Stewart Subject: Deterrence depends upon the enemy's belief that we have the capability and and deterrence book to strike first. Our capability is demonstrated by first-strike, counterforce systems capable of destroying his ability to retaliate effectively.

Created Date: 2/28/ AM. COUNTERFORCE, DAMAGE-LIMITING, AND DETERRENCE William A. Stewart The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California Military force, it Counterforce appear, is needed to deter the Soviet Union and other opponents of the United States from acting against our vital national interest; but tha ethical concerns and human costs of high levels of violence are so great as to rule out their by: 1.

The counterforce mission, and all that goes with it, should be explicitly and publicly abandoned and replaced with a much less ambitious and qualitatively different doctrine. A new “minimal deterrence” mission will make retaliation after nuclear attack the sole mission for nuclear weapons.

We believe that. As Thomas C. Schelling wrote in his book ‘The Strategy of Conflict’, deterrence will remain credible until the adversary is sure that refraining from a preemptive strike will be more beneficial; if a country is threatened with being disarmed by the first strike it will consider.

InSufian Ullah analyzed the role of expanding counterforce technologies in South Asia in light of Keir A. Lieber and Daryl G.

Press’s International Security journal article, “The New Era and deterrence book Counterforce: Technological Change and the Future of Nuclear Damage-limiting His words, republished below, remain a timely assessment of emerging challenges to stability on the subcontinent.

Dysfunctionality or Design. Changing capabilities for counterforce first-strike. The second set of evidence that Clary and Narang present concerns India’s new capabilities, especially those that allow the country’s leaders “to start thinking about first-strike strategies – or damage-limiting, launch-on-warning strategies” (p.

25). The new era of counterforce challenges the basis for confidence in contemporary deterrence stability, raises critical issues for national and international security policy, and sheds light on one of the enduring theoretical puzzles of the nuclear era: why international security competition has endured in the shadow of the nuclear revolution.

Even if both sides embrace counterforce targeting capability, they will learn to live with it as nuclear deterrence logic is well understood by the southern Asian nuclear neighbours.

In any case, the line between counterforce and countervalue target is extremely thin in this part of the world because of their close proximity. Counterforce has provided high quality monitoring services to families and businesses since and our customers know we offer them a variety of alarm monitoring options to fit their safety and security needs.

Our redundant alarm monitoring stations are located in Canada to ensure we provide local and reliable service to the families and. Counterforce attacks would reduce the tactical problem faced by Patriot crews, improving the overall performance of TMD.

He also notes that an ASW approach to counterforce should help the United States achieve its political objectives of alliance formation and deterrence Author: James J.

Wirtz. Counterforce emphasized strikes on the enemy’s military forces, installations, and assets. Countervalue, also called countercity early on, centered on the enemy’s economy and population. Minimum Deterrence. he retired and wrote a book, The Uncertain Trumpet.

It was laden with complaints about the Air Force and about the Army’s. The next section examines India's investment in a diverse array of capabilities that would be useful for damage-limiting first strikes, but which otherwise make little sense for an assured retaliation or a minimum deterrence posture.

deciding to do so has also improved rapidly since In his book, options to compel a change in. In nuclear strategy, a counterforce target is one that has a military value, such as a launch silo for intercontinental ballistic missiles, an airbase at which nuclear-armed bombers are stationed, a homeport for ballistic missile submarines, or a command and control installation.

The intent of a counterforce strategy (attacking counterforce targets with nuclear weapons) is to do a pre-emptive. This book is a collection of U.S.

government documents, primarily from the State Department's "Foreign Relations of the United States," that involve the highest military and civilian leaders discussing the challenge of the Soviet Union's chemical and biological weapons capability and how the United States should deter the potential use of these weapons.

Editor’s note: This is the second piece in a two-part series examining the role of damage limitation strategy in U.S. nuclear war planning. Read part one here. With the apparent reemergence of great power competition in recent years, the possibility of military conflict with a nuclear-armed adversary has rekindled old debates about the role that [ ].

@article{osti_, title = {Conventional nuclear strategy and the American doctrine of counterforce}, author = {David, C P}, abstractNote = {Debate over nuclear weapons still lingers and one cause of this trend, as suggested by this thesis, is the rise of conventional nuclear strategy or, in other words, the attempt by the US government to apply through the counterforce doctrine a.

We consider the major schools of thought–existential deterrence, counterforce, and manipulation of risk–and evaluate how deterrence has changed in the aftermath of the classic confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union.

The second section presents two case studies of deterrence. The Strategic Plans Division is already ramping up Pakistan’s counterforce capabilities, presuming the need to compete in this sphere with India.

Vipin’s take on Menon’s book will no doubt add impetus to this compulsion. But it’s not too late to avoid reprising the U.S.-Soviet counterforce competition on a regional scale. The best option is a damage limitation strategy, whichentails protecting and defending the United States and its alliesagainst attack in service to a broader concept of deterrence thanapplied.

A damage-limiting counterforce strike by the U.S. would, therefore, be vastly more effective if the U.S. struck first. However, launching a first strike meant initiating strategic nuclear war, the very thing that U.S. nuclear forces were ostensibly intended to prevent.Second, damage-limiting measures will not work.

“The idea of limiting damage if the United Robert S. Norris, and Ivan Oelrich, From Counterforce to Minimal Deterrence: A New Nuclear Policy on the Path Toward Eliminating Nuclear Weapons, Occasional Paper No.

7 (Washington, D.C.: Federation of American Scientists and the Natural Resources.Counterforce doctrine, in nuclear strategy, the targeting of an opponent’s military infrastructure with a nuclear strike.

The counterforce doctrine is differentiated from the countervalue doctrine, which targets the enemy’s cities, destroying its civilian population and economic counterforce doctrine asserts that a nuclear war can be limited and that it can be fought and won.